The History of the Costa Tropical

Because of its location on the Mediterranean, this coastal paradise was ideally situated to welcome explorers from all parts of the southern Mediterranean world; like the Middle East and Africa. The Phoenicians, from current day Lebanon and Syria were among the first peoples to visit and colonize the area over 2000 years ago. These ancient seafaring people made their first stop on the Spanish peninsula in our quant town of Almuñecar.

It didn’t take long before Almuñecar became a mainstay resting point between crossing the Mediterranean Sea and continuing on to Cadiz, where they established their capital. It was the Phoenicians that gave Almuñecar its start as an important fish curing center and over time the area grew and flourished in its own right.

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Historical Sites in the Costa Tropical Towns

The History of Almuñecar, Spain - The Costa Tropical
Almunecar History
Almuñécar

Learn About the History of Almuñecar

Almuñécar history - prehistoric
Pre-Historic History - It is amazing to think about the number of people and lives that have been affected by this area throughout time. We live in the 21st Century, but life in this area dates back to at least 1 million years ago, our lives represent merely a grain in the overall sands of time.

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Almuñécar history - phoenician
Phoenician Almuñécar - Almuñécar was first settled by the early Phoenicians during the late Bronze Age, around 1500 BC. With their arrival, Phoenician Almuñécar, or "Sexi" as they called it, was put on the map for the first time...

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Almuñécar history - roman
Roman Almuñécar - In 6th century BC the Phoenicians started to be pushed out of the Iberian Peninsula and back into North Africa by the Carthaginians, a former Phoenician colony. Cadiz became the Carthaginians main settlement in Spain. These people soon came into direct conflict with the next major Mediterranean power, Rome...

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Almuñécar history - moorish
Moorish Almuñécar - Seven hundred years of Moorish influence left an unmistakable mark on Spain, making it markedly different even today from the rest of Western Europe. The Moors not only brought their religion, but also their music, their art, their view of life, and their architecture...

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Almuñécar history - christian
Christian Almuñécar - The Reconquista (or Reconquest) was the period in history of the Iberian Peninsula of about 780 years between the time of the Umayyad conquest of Hispania in 711 and the fall of the Nasrid kingdom of Granada to the expanding Christian kingdoms in 1492...

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Romans

The next to colonize the area were the Romans who first declared Almuñecar as a Roman township in the year 49 BC. They not only kept the Phoenician fish salting industry alive but increased its output and eventually transported their product to all of the Roman Empire. Almuñecar, or Firmum Iulium Sexi as they called it, reached its economic height with the Romans.

Moors

The last people to colonize the area and leave a lasting footprint on the southern coast of Spain were the Moors out of Africa. They ruled the area for over 800 years but were eventually pushed out in the year 1492. The Moors gifted this area with their beautiful eye for architecture and they built many of the castles and watch towers that you still see today. It was the Moors that built the Almuñecar old town in its current white washed form. In fact, all of the towns of the Costa Tropical have a very similar look and feel that was adapted during the Moorish occupation. Other areas of Spain, that conquered or expelled the Moors earlier on, have a much different look than what you will find on the southern coast. The houses and villages here look like what you might find in present day Morocco or Greece. You will notice many arches, domes and beautiful tiling throughout all of the Costa Tropical towns.