The town of Andújar (Jaén) located northeast of Córdoba and north of the capital city of Jaén
celebrates a tradition that began in the 13th century.
The Fiesta in honor of the Virgen de la Cabeza is the oldest pilgrimage (romería) in Spain and
has been declared of national touristic interest. It falls yearly on the last Sunday in April.
The Virgin's shrine was placed on a cliff high above the Sierra Morena where, according to
popular belief, in 1227 the Virgin appeared to a goatherder named Juan Alonso de Rivas
and miraculously healed his injured arm. On this site, he promised to build a sanctuary
in the Virgin's honor.