Lújar of the
in the Granada province is a traditional small
mountain village located near the Mediterranean coast of Spain, just a few
minutes east of the cities of
Almuñécar along the N-340 highway
and about a one-hour drive from the city of Granada. Lújar is accessible by
small backroads from
Calahonda, which is in turn easily accessible by main highway.
Melicena is near
Almeria, and is
readily accessible from the heart of the Costa Tropical, Almuñécar:
- First, get to the Costa Tropical town of Calahonda. Calahonda is just
a few minutes east of the cities of Motril and Almuñécar along the N-340 highway and about
a one-hour drive from the city of Granada.
- From Granada, take the N-323 highway to the coast and then when
approaching the Costa Tropical town of Salobreña, head east on the N-340 highway
towards Almeria. Once in Calahonda, follow the signs to the town of Lújar. This
road is small and winding.
Lújar lies in the Sierra de Lújar which is situated to the north of the Cabo Sacratif and
Calahonda. The landscape of Lújar is made up of corcho (cork), madronas (arbutus or strawberry
tree) and pino (pine) trees. It is a small village reached by a picturesque road along the
ridge of the Sierra de Carchuna. The town is also surrounded by numerous walking trails and is popular
for trekking and mountain biking to the highest point of the mountain range, of 1870 meters.
The origins of Lújar stretch back to Phoenician times, retaining from this era olive trees. The
name Lújar comes from the Arabic word luxar, which means great stones, making reference to the
Lújar Mountain range. The urban framework of its narrow streets and the structure of its
houses with the classic "tinao" or small vestibule demonstrate its legacy from the Islamic or
Moorish period of domination. Lújar, the
Costa Tropical, and the Andalucia (Andalus) region
suffered a depopulation process as a result of the conquest by the Christian monarchs
culminating in the XV Century. In the XVIII Century Lújar and the surrounding Costa
Tropical area experienced growth from the cultivation of the grapes, winemaking, and mining.
Lújar shares with the Costa Tropical and Andalucia (or Andalus) region of Spain its rich
Roman and Moorish past, with many old buildings and bridges still standing including an
old fortress for its defense.
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