Gualchos of the
in the Granada province is a traditional small fishing village
located on the Mediterranean coast of Spain in the Andalucia (Andalus) region, just a few
minutes east of the cities of
Almuñécar along the N-340 highway and about a one-hour
drive from the cities of Granada and Malaga. Gualchos is easily accessible by main highway.
Gualchos is near
Almeria, and is
readily accessible from the heart of the Costa Tropical, Almuñécar:
- Gualchos is very close to the town of
Castell de Ferro.
midway between the large coastal cities of Almería and Málaga, about one and one-half to
two hours from each. To get to Gualchos you turn off the main coast road N-340 at Castell
de Ferro and climb into the mountains for 5 kilometres.
Just to the east of Motril and
Almuñécar along the N-340 highway in the Granada province of Spain,
and very close to the town of Castell de Ferro, is the small village of Gualchos. The municipality
of Gualchos is actually comprised of two population centers: Castell de Ferro and Gualchos.
The town has a long recorded history, with artifacts dating back to the first settlement of
Neolithic tribes in 3,000 B.C. Gualchos has an area of 31 square kilometers and a population,
in 2001, of 2,759.
Gualchos, situated at 1,200 feet of altitude in a natural enclave, is encircled behind, to the
north and west, by the Lújar and Sierra Nevada mountain ranges and overlooks the Mediterranean
Sea to the south. It is one of the many small, whitewashed Andalucian (Andalus) villages
scattered throughout the mountains of southern Spain wherever there is a natural spring;
villages which have changed little in their way of life since the middle ages.
The economy of the area is agriculture based, especially the cultivation of fruit.
Gualchos is made of small whitewashed houses and narrow streets winding their way
up the mountainside. The surroundings are rugged and mountainous, yet it is only a
short drive from the coast.
Close to Gualchos in the Pico del Águila or "Eagle Peak" mountains are the largest
caves in the Granada province, Cuevas de las Campanas or Campanas Caves, where many
Neolithic relics have been found.
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