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  Órgiva - City Information
  Region: La Alpujarra and
Lecrin Valley
  Post Code: 18400
  # of Inhabitants: 5370
  Inhabitants: Orgiveños
  To Granada (km): 59 km



Órgiva

Órgiva, at the foot of the Sierra Nevada mountains in the Granada province of Spain, is an attractive town near Lanjarón, famous for its hot mineral springs and spa. Órgiva is considered a gateway to the famed Las Alpujarras region, know for its unique, ancient culture that shows strong roots from its Moorish and Morisco past.


It is located near the Mediterranean coast, the Costa Tropical. Órgiva is close to the city of Granada and close to the primary Costa Tropical towns of Almuñécar, Motril, and Salobreña. It is easily accessible from these larger towns by well maintained paved roads that connect with major highways. Órgiva is close to the area of three neighboring villages high in the Sierra Nevada: Capileira, Órgiva, and Pampaneira (each about one kilometer apart), which has been designated a Conjunto Histórico Artístico by the Spanish government, an area of particular artistic and historical importance.


  Getting There

Órgiva is near the cities of Malaga, Granada, and Almeria, and is readily accessible from the heart of the Costa Tropical; Almuñécar, Motril, and Salobreña.

  • Órgiva is located about 59 kilometers south of the city of Granada and Granada airport. Driving from Granada and down the main N-323 highway towards the coast, look for the signs indicating "Las Alpujarras" and Lanjarón as you pass over the mountains. Exit the highway and head towards the left (east). Roads will be clearly marked. Pass through Lanjarón, and Órgiva is only ten minutes farther down the road.

  • From Malaga take the N-340 highway east towards Almuñécar, Motril, and Almería. In about an hour after passing Almuñécar and upon reaching Salobreña, take highway N-323 clearly marked towards Granada. Órgiva is located only 39 kilometers from Salobreña. As you climb the mountains and pass a dam and large lake to your right, look for signs indicating "Las Alpujarras" and "Lanjarón". Exit the highway and head towards the right (east). From here follow the directions noted above from Granada.

  • From Almería, take the N-340 highway west towards Málaga and Almuñécar. When you reach Salobreña (before Almuñécar), take highway N-323 clearly marked towards Granada. Follow the directions noted above.

  Description

Órgiva is located on the southern slopes of the National Park of Sierra Nevada. Situated in the valley of the Rio Guadalfeo where it joins the Rio Chico, Órgiva is the largest and most important commercial town of the Alpujarra region.

Órgiva is an important communication and transport center. Four roads depart from here: one links Las Alpujarras with Salobreña, Almuñécar, and the Costa Tropical to the south; the second heads west through Lanjarón leading on to Granada; the third heads through the town of Torviscón and through the foothills of the Contraviesa coastal mountain range into the remoter villages of the eastern Alpujarras; and the fourth winds up into the Sierra Nevada, ascending to the storied towns of Pampaneira, Bubión, Capileira, Trevélez and the other beautiful high mountain villages.

Órgiva is an excellent base for exploring the beautiful Alpujarras. The countryside all around, in the fertile Valle de Órgiva, is beautiful. Expansive groves of orange and lemon trees, olives and pomegranates, bougainvillaea, morning glory and jasmine bring color and scent to a sunny land. Surrounded by mountains (the Sierra Nevada to the north, Sierras Lújar and La Contraviesa to the south), it is a rural paradise.

  History

Órgiva was founded in Roman times for mining purposes in the high mountains and for farming the fertile valley along the Rio Guadalfeo After the invasion by the Moors in the 7th Century, it was ruled under the authority of Ugíjar. Órgiva was granted to the dethroned Moorish ruler, Boabdil, after he lost Granada to the Catholic Monarchs in 1492. Later it played a very important role in the war between the Moriscos (Moors nominally converting to Christianity in order to avoid expulsion to North Africa) and the Catholics, when Abén Humeya organized an uprising against King Phillip ll. The Moriscos were eventually and finally expelled in 1609. Thereafter, Órgiva, in common with the rest of the Alpujarra, was forgotten and left to languish in economic decline. Several interesting monuments of earlier days remain, with the16th Century Palace (Palacio del Duque del Arco) and 16th Century Parish Church the best preserved.


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